An exploration into Render Network, a P2P decentralised GPU marketplace.
Rendering refers to the final process for artists to create 3D images generated from models.
Founded by the CEO of OTOY in 2016, Render Network is a peer-to-peer decentralised GPU marketplace built on Polygon and set to migrate to Solana after a vote was passed in April.
They connect users in need of rendering jobs with those who have idle GPUs that can contribute computing power to render projects and earn crypto in return.
What problem does Render want to solve?
The current market environment favours larger, established renderers. Relatively smaller projects can complete tasks on a local desktop or cloud service, however, 3D games and movie-like visual effects require significantly higher levels of GPU power consumption, time, and costs.
Render solves the problem of limited access to GPU rendering, high costs, and lower speed while unlocking the potential of idle GPU power around the globe. Additionally, storage services are also available for creators.
How does it work?
The workflow of Render can be summarised as follows;
- Any device with idle GPU computing power can be registered on the Render Network, and this GPU device becomes a Node Operator.
- Users (i.e. Creators*) with rendering needs will send the respective files to be rendered to the Render Network. The network will then assign these tasks to Node Operators.
- Creators need to select a tier, estimate the cost and pay RNDR according to the complexity of the task. The higher the tier, the faster tasks will be completed.
The Creator account can be recharged with both Render credit (1 credit = €1) & Render tokens. Deposits cannot be withdrawn.
- A Node Operator renders with and only with OctaneRender (developed by OTOY).
- When the Node Operator completes the task and sends it to the Render Network, they will be rewarded with RNDR in 7–10 days. OTOY will also receive a portion of tokens (0.50% — 5.00%) to maintain the network.
*To be eligible and become a Creator, a user must have an active OctaneRender License or Subscription, which costs €19.99 — €23.95. These proceeds are directed to OTOY.
- Token: $RNDR
- Market Cap: ~$742m
- FDV: ~$1.07b
2. Use Cases:
- Transaction: Creators pay, and Node Operators receive.
- Rewards: Node Operators are rewarded with RNDR.
- Participation: Holding RNDR grants users access to the network.
- Governance: Voting Rights.
BME Update (Burn & Mint Equilibrium)
- What is it?
Under this new model, instead of users paying for services in RNDR, they will now pay in USD, and an equivalent value of RNDR will be burned, leading to a continuous reduction in the supply of the RNDR token.
Concurrently, an equal amount of credits will be minted and issued to track tasks. In each epoch, operators will be rewarded based on their availability and the number of tasks they complete.
- How are Node Operators compensated?
For each epoch, new tokens will be minted independently of those burned. These rewards are segmented into two categories, namely, Job Completion Rewards and Availability Rewards.
- How are Creators incentivised?
Each epoch, creators will receive back a percentage of their spent tokens as rewards.
- Addition of a liquidity pool
LPs can stake into the liquidity pool and receive rewards, thereby making RNDR available for this new system of burning and minting.
Better value accrual for RNDR as a commodity.
It maintains network equilibrium in a way that the value of the network is reflected in the value of the token. BME can potentially become a deflationary mechanism that increases the value of RNDR.
- Base Infrastructure Layer: Rendering can be considered as the infrastructure layer for web3 themes such as the Metaverse, NFTs, GameFi & AI.
With the emergence of AI, there is a large market for low-cost rendering & computing power.
- Early Mover Advantage
- Experienced Team & Backing:
- OTOY leads the graphic rendering field with an experienced team. They received a $300m investment from HBO in 2016, along with joining Disney’s Accelerator in the same year.
- Render raised ~$30m led by Multicoin Capital in late 2021.
4. The BME update significantly improved the token economy for all stakeholders on the platform.
- Entry Barrier & Centralised Management:
- Limited audience: Node Operators have to use OctaneRender. Operators need to fill out an EOI to be selected and connect to the network.
- Files uploaded by Creators in .orbx are stored by the network and the distribution of rendering tasks is also centralised.
2. Security: No audit reports on its smart contract.
3. Render Network is a traditional rendering solution with $RDNR token incentives, however, the incentives do not necessarily need to be on-chain.
With the considerable growth of emerging technology themes such as AI, GameFi, Metaverse, and NFTs, more creators are entering the market, creating demand for more complex image & video processing services. However, distributed rendering & the marketplace for GPUs is still relatively niche with notable demand and limited competition, allowing Render a significant early mover advantage in capturing the current market.
- CoinGecko. 2023. Cryptocurrency Prices, Charts, and Crypto Market Cap | CoinGecko. [online] Available at: <https://www.coingecko.com/> [Accessed 23 June 2023].
- CoinMarketCap. 2023. Cryptocurrency Prices, Charts And Market Capitalizations | CoinMarketCap. [online] Available at: <https://coinmarketcap.com/> [Accessed 23 June 2023].
- DefiLlama. 2023. DefiLlama. [online] Available at: <https://defillama.com/> [Accessed 23 June 2023].
- Render Network Knowledge Base (no date) Render Network Knowledge Base — Render Knowledge Base. Available at: https://know.rendernetwork.com/ (Accessed: 23 June 2023).
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